What Is Osteomalacia?

What is osteomalacia?

Osteomalacia is a weakening of the bones “soft bones“. Issues with bone formation or with the bone building system motive osteomalacia. Osteomalacia is a disease that weakens bones and can cause them to break more easily. Osteomalacia isn’t the same as osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a weakening of living bone that has already been formed and is being made over.

Osteomalacia Causes

Osteomalacia is maximum usually resulting from a loss of vitamin D. vitamin D is an essential nutrient that helps you take in calcium in your belly.

Vitamin D additionally helps hold calcium and phosphate stages for proper bone formation. It’s made inside the skin from publicity to ultraviolet (UV) rays in sunlight. It can additionally be absorbed from meals like dairy products and fish.

Low degrees of vitamin D means that your frame can not the system the calcium your bones want for structural electricity. This could end result from a hassle with the food plan, loss of sun publicity, or a trouble with your intestines.

In case you’ve had surgical treatment to put off elements of your stomach or small intestine, you could also have a problem absorbing vitamin D or breaking down food to launch it.

If your bones are soft, you may have symptoms

* Easily broken bones
* Feeling tired
* Pain
* Stiffness
* Trouble walking up stairs or getting up from a seated position.
* Weak muscles in your arms, thighs, shoulders or main core of your body.
* Bone Pain mainly on your hips. Ache is most customarily felt inside the legs, groin, upper thighs, knees and now and again within the ft. In some cases, ache can be the end result of partial fractures, that are simplest seen on x-rays.

Osteomalacia Diagnosed?

* Blood tests
* X-rays
Bone mineral density scans

There are numerous exams that may be performed to determine if a person has osteomalacia. The most critical indicator is low tiers of nutrition d, but low stages of calcium or a giant drop in phosphate degrees may additionally indicate osteomalacia. X-rays may be taken to peer if there may be any proof of osteomalacia. Also, a bone mineral density experiment may be beneficial in evaluating the amount of calcium and different minerals present in a patient’s bone segment. Those scans are not required to make the prognosis of osteomalacia. But, they may give important statistics about a patient’s bone health.